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Thirty-fourth Issue
Volume 14, No. 2

..where to find the mrb

The Mrb Is Available At The Following Locations:


By Eric Boodman

The Anatomy Of Clay
By Abby Paige

They Fight Like Soldiers, They Die Like Children / Mobilizing The Will To Intervene: Leadership To Prevent Mass Atrocities
By Aparna Sanyal


Bats Or Swallows
Reviewed by Taylor Tower

Lives: Whole And Otherwise
Reviewed by Rosel Kim

Reviewed by Kimberly Bourgeois

Spat The Dummy
Reviewed by Ian McGillis

The Obituary
Reviewed by Anna Leventhal

Three Deaths
Reviewed by Rob Sherren


Bad Animals: A Father’s Accidental Education In Autism
Reviewed by Leila Marshy

Making Waves: The Continuing Portuguese Adventure
Reviewed by Joni Dufour

The Republic Of Therapy
Reviewed by Sarah Fletcher

Writing In The Time Of Nationalism: From Two Solitudes To Blue Metropolis
Reviewed by Gregory J. Reid

You Could Lose An Eye: My First 80 Years In Montreal
Reviewed by Joel Yanofsky

non-fiction at a glance

Eeyou Istchee: Land Of The Cree/terre Des Cris
Reviewed by Carol Katz

The Origin Of A Person
Reviewed by Prosenjit Dey Chaudhury


Blood Is Blood
Reviewed by Bert Almon

Hard Feelings
Reviewed by Bert Almon

Poets And Killers
Reviewed by Bert Almon

Song Of The Taxidermist
Reviewed by Bert Almon

The Collected Books Of Artie Gold
Reviewed by Bert Almon

The Truth Of Houses
Reviewed by Bert Almon

Where We Might Have Been
Reviewed by Bert Almon

the mile end café

The October Crisis, 1970 An Insider’s View/trudeau's Darkest Hour, War Measures In Time Of Peace, October 1970
Reviewed by Mélanie Grondin

the mrb cartoon

Image By Jean-philippe Marcotte

young readers

Captured: The Divided Realms Series, Book 1
Reviewed by Andrea Belcham

Into The Mist: The Story Of The Empress Of Ireland
Reviewed by Andrea Belcham

Milo: Sticky Notes And Brain Freeze
Reviewed by Andrea Belcham

Noni Says No
Reviewed by Andrea Belcham

Raffi’s New Friend
Reviewed by Andrea Belcham

Scaredy Squirrel Has A Birthday Party
Reviewed by Andrea Belcham

Today, Maybe
Reviewed by Andrea Belcham

Without You
Reviewed by Andrea Belcham

Making Waves: The Continuing Portuguese Adventure
Mary Soderstrom
paper 208 pp.
Véhicule Press ISBN 9781550652925

Making Waves: The Continuing Portuguese Adventure
Portugal, Warts and All

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New Document In her latest book, Mary Soderstrom – inspired first by the veritable world map of imported foods she saw at the Portuguese grocer’s as a child and then by a trip to Portugal decades later – sets her sights on the “little country with great ambitions.” Soderstrom’s story is a much-needed addition to the genre of historical non-fiction, in which Portugal remains largely unrepresented compared with its European neighbours.

Making Waves: The Continuing Portuguese Adventure touches upon many elements of Portugal’s culture and history, including slavery, religion, literature, architecture, and music. We find traces of memoir and travelogue here, as well as an overview of Portugal’s greatest heroes and moments. Soderstrom begins the narrative by reflecting on the Portuguese-American family that left a clear impression on her in her youth in California and, to close the book, the author writes about her search for the family’s descendants. Maritime exploration is an ever-present theme. Soderstrom describes the vegetation on the coast of Southern India where fifteenth- and sixteenth-century Portuguese explorers settled and integrated, and casually notes the schedule of a village ferry in the Azores, inviting us to enter the scene. As with the best books of this genre, readers become acquainted with historical narratives beyond the oft-told.

One fascinating example of such a historical narrative relates to the eighteenth-century prime minister, the Marquês de Pombal. “To much of the old aristocracy ... Pombal was an upstart, a near-nobody where blood and lineage were concerned,” writes Soderstrom, who nonetheless calls him the “right man for the job.” Pombal was a forward-thinking, well-connected, worldly statesman who executed significant social and economic reform in Portugal and rebuilt Lisbon after a catastrophic earthquake. Soderstrom nicely juxtaposes the latter accomplishment (including new approaches to city planning) with the modern development of Brasília.

In general, the author manages to segue from the historical to the modern quite seamlessly. Soderstrom chronicles the human suffering in Portugal’s slave trade alongside the country’s steadfast exploration in Africa and the Americas, including Brazil. She delivers both sides of this imperial tale with depth, providing the staggering numbers of souls sold as well as a heartbreaking description of a new shipment of slaves. Equally detailed are the author’s accounts of the Portuguese incursions into South India and South America, and the resulting racial mix when “the men took partners wherever they found themselves.” Soderstrom considers the contemporary fallout of these past methods of spreading the empire, and wonders about the competing characterizations of modern- day interracial Brazil: is it a racist society with a persistent colour-class correlation or a meritorious melting pot?

There is a tremendous amount of information here. What is missing, however, is a feel for the people of Portugal. Soderstrom is a great observer but never seems to engage directly with the lifeblood of the culture she is so interested in, nor with the present-day Portuguese. She remains more researcher than reporter, and the book suffers slightly as a result. At the same time, Soderstrom’s zeal for the past can be infectious.

Given Portugal’s extraordinary history and the dearth of commercial literature on the subject, it would have been a real pleasure to have had more to read. While parameters must be extremely tough to draw with such a subject, there were some topics introduced that could have been more fleshed out: Portugal’s relationship to other European countries, its educational system, and the 1974 Carnation Revolution (made more intriguing given current civil resistance movements in the Middle East), which restored democracy in Portugal. What we do get is a well-researched, well-told story, the result of enthusiasm rather than birthright.

Joni Dufour is a freelance editor and writer and the fiction editor of carte blanche